Types and varieties of raspberries, their characteristics and how to choose

Raspberries are a family of raspberries native to the West. There are many cultivars that have been improved and cultivated since ancient times. Fruit colors vary depending on the variety. It is a fruit tree suitable for beginners because it prefers a cool climate, is resistant to the cold, grows well in thin lands, is relatively easy to grow,

  • What you need to know before growing raspberries

Raspberries are fruit trees that even beginners can grow relatively easily. Before we start growing, we have summarized the basics you need to know in order to grow strong and harvest a lot of delicious fruits.

  • Basic data of raspberry

Scientific name: Rubus spp.

Family name: Rosaceae

genus name: Rubus genus

Origin: Europe, North America

Flowering period: Mid-April to mid-May (seasonal) Varieties, two-season varieties), late August to mid-September (two-season varieties only)

Flower color: white

Planting time: late February to late March

Harvesting period: June to July (one-season varieties) Varieties, two-season varieties), October-November (two-season varieties only)

Cold-resistant temperature: -35 ℃

Raspberries are deciduous shrubs that belong to the genus Rubus in the Rosaceae family. Commonly cultivated are improved versions of those native to Europe and North America, with fruit colors of red, yellow, black and purple depending on the variety.

  • What kind of plant is raspberry originally?

Raspberry is a group of raspberry cultivars and is a fruit tree that has been bred in Europe and the United States. There is blackberry as a group of other cultivated species, but the difference from raspberry is that when the fruit is ripe, the fruit is separated from the tentacle and the inside is hollow, which is the core of the fruit with the tentacle attached. Blackberries can be taken in a packed form. Not only the appearance of the fruit, but also its taste is different between raspberries and blackberries.

There are also varieties of raspberries that produce black fruits, and raspberries with small fruits are not called blackberries.

  • What kind of plant is raspberry in the first place?

Rubus does not refer to one type of plant, but is a general term for strawberries that are classified into the genus Rubus in the Rosaceae family and become trees. In Japan, some raspberries such as native raspberry, rubus trifidus, maple strawberry, and rubus strawberry grow naturally, but these are not raspberries.

  • What are the characteristics and selection of raspberry varieties?

There are several varieties of raspberries. Depending on each variety, the color of the fruit varies from red, yellow, black and purple. They are roughly divided into red raspberries, black raspberries, and purple raspberries according to their color. Raspberries with yellow fruits are said to be variants of red raspberries.

Depending on the variety, there are one season and two seasons, and the two seasons can be harvested not only in summer but also in autumn.

  • Typical raspberry varieties
  • Heritage

Two seasons. The fruits are red and weigh 2-3g. It is also characterized by a very large yield and a long harvest period.

  • Summer festival

Two seasons. The fruits are red and weigh 3-4g. The branches are open and extend laterally.

  • Fantasy red

Seasonal. The fruit is red and weighs 6 to 10 g. Yield can be expected because the plant grows large.

  • Indian summer

Two seasons. The fruits are red, 2-3g. The branches are open and extend laterally.

  • Joy Gold

Two seasons. The fruits are yellow and large, weighing 5-8g. It has a good texture and is suitable for raw food.

  • Fal Gold

Seasonal. The fruits are yellow and weigh 4-5g. The branches are upright.

  • Black cap

Seasonal. A variety called black raspberry, red fruits ripen black and weigh 3-5g. It is sweet and rich.

  • How to choose a variety

When choosing a variety, the important point is whether the harvest is once or twice a year, that is, whether it is one season or two seasons.

In addition, the abundant fruit color and fruit size are also important points when choosing a variety. Raspberries have fine, hard hairs and thorns on their branches, but some varieties do not have them, and for ease of management, varieties without such hairs and thorns may be better. Raspberries are self-fertilizing, and even a single seedling bears fruit.

  • Is there a difference in how to grow raspberries depending on the type and variety?

Each raspberry variety has only slight differences in harvest time and cold resistance, and its properties do not differ significantly. Therefore, it is unlikely that the growing method will differ depending on the variety.

  • I want to know the popular raspberry varieties

The main purpose of growing raspberries is to harvest their fruits. If you want to harvest the same, you want to harvest a lot of big fruits. For that reason, two-season large-grained species such as Marie Jane and Joy Gold are popular.

  • Indian summer

Two-season, standing variety, so there is no need to attract branches. Although the branches have thorns, it is a variety that is strong against the cold and easy to grow. The fruits are not very large, but they bear many fruits.

  • Marie Jane

Can be harvested twice in summer and autumn, and its crimson fruits are sweet and rich, larger than the average raspberry and satisfying to eat.

Not limited to these popular varieties, there are many attractive varieties of raspberries. Find and grow your favorite varieties, such as size, color, and taste, and enjoy the harvest.

  • Tips and tricks on how to grow raspberries

In general, pollination is important for fruiting fruit trees. Some fruit trees are pollinated trees, and if you do not plant seedlings of different varieties nearby, the fruiting will be poor, but raspberries will bear fruit even with a single seedling. Therefore, no pollinated tree is required.

Because of their preference for sunlight, potted plants should be moved to sunny locations throughout the year. As long as you water it well, you can withstand some heat, so you don’t need to move it in the shade.

It is advisable to temporarily move the storage area in the shade only if the stock is damaged by the heat. When planting in the garden, plant it in a sunny place as much as possible.

References

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/?term=raspberry


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